Catfish Information
Catfish General Information

A number of catfish species can be found in the west coast states including the channel, white, blue, flathead and bullhead. Fish up to 20 pounds are common in larger bodies of fresh water. Sexual maturity is reached at between 3 and 4 years. Catfish spawn when water temperatures are above 70 degrees F. The eggs are laid in a nest which could be anything from an old tire to an underwater animal burrow. The male guards the eggs, which can number up to 70,000, until they hatch about a week after spawning. The fry are guarded for a week or two after that.. The average life expectancy is 10 years but catfish have been known to live up to 40 years in their native habitat.

Catfish feed primarily feed at night but will snap up an opportunistic meal anytime one floats by. They inhabit shady spots during the day, seeking shelter from the sun. The diet of the catfish is varied consisting of insects, larvae, carrion, small fish, dead fish, frogs, fresh water mollusks, and even certain seeds carried into the water.

Although catfish can be caught by trolling minnows or minnow imitation lures, 99.9% are taken on bait of one type or another. Liver, shrimp, nightcrawlers, clams, hot dogs, mackerel, minnows, red worms, fish belly strips and minnows are all used as bait. Bait is usually sent to the bottom but if the bottom is weedy, the bait can be suspended by a float, or a marshmallow for smaller baits. Terminal tackle used is dependent on the type of bait and the currents encountered fishing.

If you are shore fishing the best time is at night when the fish are feeding.

If you are boat fishing during the day, anchor on a known catfish location. Catfish congregate in the shade of underwater mounds. Cast into the sun and retrieve slowly, about 6-8" per minute. Your rod tip will bend as you drag your sinker up the sunny side of the mound. When the rod tip straightens you are on the ridge of the mound. Prepare for the strike as you slowly work the bait down the shady side of the mound. Catfish are slow eaters so be patient before you set the hook.

Another technique is to sight fish. This method requires a good pair of polarized sunglasses, amber is the most popular color. By studying the terrain and daily migration patterns of the fish, or knowing where they rest or nest you will know where to go looking for them. When you can see one, cast a nightcrawler about two feet in front of his nose. Works every time!

Recent Catfish Articles & Reports

Schoolie Stripers Show On San Joaquin River

Written By: Dave Hurley,
August 15, 2014

(Stockton) Small stripers, bluegill, catfish, and largemouth bass dominate action in the warm waters of the San Joaquin River.

Brandon Gallegos of H and R Bait said, “Most of the striped bass are in the 16 to 17-inch range with a few...


King Catfish Rules Supreme

Written By: Roland Aspiras,
August 6, 2014

(Rio Vista) Fishing has slowed over the last two weeks due to wind, though anglers continue to see good action on shaker striped bass and catfish locally.

Slow fishing was the news for sturgeon and striped bass, according to Kang...


Target Deeper Water For Trout

Written By: Dan Bacher,
August 6, 2014

(Elko) Surface water temperatures in the morning are in the mid sixties, but climb to the seventies by mid afternoon at South Fork Lake. With daytime highs expected to range from in the mid to high nineties, the water is only going to get...


Tips & Tactics for Catfish
FeelFree Lure 11.5 Introduction

FeelFree Lure 11.5 Introduction

Written By: Headwaters Fishing Team

This is Dave Fowler here from The Headwaters Fishing Team with my review of the new FeelFree lure 11.5. 

With the weight of this kayak at...


Winter, Trophy Time For Cats!

Winter, Trophy Time For Cats!

Written By: Cal Kellogg

The hiss of a Coleman lantern, moths fluttering in the yellow light and in the distance you can hear the mournful bellow of bullfrogs....


Let Us Eat Stir Fry

Let Us Eat Stir Fry

Written By: Paulette Kenyon

For many of us, life seems to becoming more complicated instead of easier. We have created all these gadgets that supposedly make lives...


Catfish Locations

Catfish Locations

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sunrise catch at delta mendota

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