Trout General Information

There are two species of trout native to the western states, the rainbow and the cutthroat. Their success has been due in large part to their ability to adapt to different environments. This created numerous subspecies. The distinctions between subspecies have become blurred in many locations due to the introduction of hatchery fish, overfishing, and the introduction of non-native trout species. One of the best examples of this is the Lahontan cutthroat, native to the Lohantan river system on the east side of the Sierras. The native fish were the largest trout found in North America, commonly weighing over 30 pounds. The Lake Tahoe stocks were decimated by commercial fishing and the competition from the introduction of the mackinaw in 1885, drove them to extinction in that lake. The Truckee River was dammed and planted with brown trout which preyed on the young cutthroat from the Pyramid Lake spawning runs. Apparently strains of rainbow trout were brought into the system at some point in the early 1900's, which interbred with the native fish. Although the record sport fish dates to the thirties, and weighed 30 pounds, a 10 pound fish today is considered enormous. Preservation of native stocks has become a priority with fish and game departments, to the point that high mountain lakes in the Marble Mountain Wilderness were sterilized and golden trout imported from the south Sierra in the 1980's.

Trout like cold, clear, high mountain lakes and streams and are found throughout the United States and Canada. They are highly adaptable and if water conditions are right can be found at low elevations in the western US such as the Sacramento River in Redding, California.

Trout feed on terrestrial and aquatic insects, snails, worms, sowbugs, crawfish, roe, and small fish. Brown trout and mackinaw make fish a larger part of their diet than other species. Although all trout have a varied diet, individual fish develop preferences for certain types of food as they grow older and can be quite selective about what they eat.

Recent Trout Articles & Reports

Bass Are In Post Spawn Pattern

Written By: Dan Bacher,
May 15, 2015

(Napa) Black bass are still spawning in the shallows at Lake Berryessa, but a lot of fish have gone into a post-spawn pattern as they move into deeper water.

“Anglers are catching and releasing good numbers of smallmouth, largemouth and...

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Lake Camanche To Host NorCal Trout Anglers Challenge Tournament On May 17!

Lake Camanche To Host NorCal Trout Anglers Challenge Tournament On May 17!

Written By: FishSniffer Staff,
May 12, 2015

If trout fishing is your passion, come on out and enjoy the May 17 tournament at Lake Camanche. It won’t break the bank, you’ll have lots of fun and you might just take home a cool prize or a cool wad of cash!

The NTAC series of trout...

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Spring Fishing at Lake Almanor

Spring Fishing at Lake Almanor

Written By: Paul J. Kneeland,
May 11, 2015

I had the pleasure of fishing Lake Almanor for trout with Cliff Spediacci and his wife Shirley of Hook & Ladder Guide Service.  My buddy Richard Percy of Chicago Park joined me on the early morning drive from my home in Colfax.  As we...

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Tips & Tactics for Trout
Bank Anglers Should Score Well During Trout Anglers Challenge Event At San Pablo Reservoir

Bank Anglers Should Score Well During Trout Anglers Challenge Event At San Pablo Reservoir

Written By: Cal Kellogg

During the winter and early spring month bank anglers often compete with boaters and at times surpass boaters success when it comes to...

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Bank Fishing: Hooking Reservoir Trout When The Water Turns Murky Or Cold

Bank Fishing: Hooking Reservoir Trout When The Water Turns Murky Or Cold

Written By: Cal Kellogg

In terms of rain and snow the 2014/15 winter is off to a rip roaring start. If things keep going the way they have been, trouters and...

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Basics For The Bank Bound Trouter

Basics For The Bank Bound Trouter

Written By: Cal Kellogg

Prospecting the waters of a lake or reservoir for trout from a boat decked out with downriggers and the latest electronics can be both...

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Trout Locations
Trout Locations


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