Trout General Information

There are two species of trout native to the western states, the rainbow and the cutthroat. Their success has been due in large part to their ability to adapt to different environments. This created numerous subspecies. The distinctions between subspecies have become blurred in many locations due to the introduction of hatchery fish, overfishing, and the introduction of non-native trout species. One of the best examples of this is the Lahontan cutthroat, native to the Lohantan river system on the east side of the Sierras. The native fish were the largest trout found in North America, commonly weighing over 30 pounds. The Lake Tahoe stocks were decimated by commercial fishing and the competition from the introduction of the mackinaw in 1885, drove them to extinction in that lake. The Truckee River was dammed and planted with brown trout which preyed on the young cutthroat from the Pyramid Lake spawning runs. Apparently strains of rainbow trout were brought into the system at some point in the early 1900's, which interbred with the native fish. Although the record sport fish dates to the thirties, and weighed 30 pounds, a 10 pound fish today is considered enormous. Preservation of native stocks has become a priority with fish and game departments, to the point that high mountain lakes in the Marble Mountain Wilderness were sterilized and golden trout imported from the south Sierra in the 1980's.

Trout like cold, clear, high mountain lakes and streams and are found throughout the United States and Canada. They are highly adaptable and if water conditions are right can be found at low elevations in the western US such as the Sacramento River in Redding, California.

Trout feed on terrestrial and aquatic insects, snails, worms, sowbugs, crawfish, roe, and small fish. Brown trout and mackinaw make fish a larger part of their diet than other species. Although all trout have a varied diet, individual fish develop preferences for certain types of food as they grow older and can be quite selective about what they eat.

Recent Trout Articles & Reports

Bait Anglers And Trollers Catch Browns

Written By: Cal Kellogg,
January 22, 2015

(Colfax) Overall fishing at Rollins Lake has been slow to fair, but in recent days the brown trout action has turned on with fish to 21 inches being landed. Both trollers and bait anglers are hooking up.

“I’ve been off work this week, so...

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Dirty Water Hurts Trouters, Helps Bassers

Written By: Cal Kellogg,
January 22, 2015

(Redding) Lake Shasta came up almost exactly 60 feet during the month of December and continues to rise about a foot per day as of press time. In the short term this rapid rise has been a mixed blessing for anglers. The water in the lake...

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Topaz Trout Season Begins With Chilly Fishing

Written By: Dan Bacher,
January 22, 2015

(Topaz) Trout fishing has been tough at Topaz Lake since the season began on January 1, but anglers continue to pull in some beautiful rainbows ranging from 2 to 3.5 pounds.

“We weighed in 26 trout on opening day and 25 the next day for...

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Tips & Tactics for Trout
Bank Fishing: Hooking Reservoir Trout When The Water Turns Murky Or Cold

Bank Fishing: Hooking Reservoir Trout When The Water Turns Murky Or Cold

Written By: Cal Kellogg

In terms of rain and snow the 2014/15 winter is off to a rip roaring start. If things keep going the way they have been, trouters and...

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Basics For The Bank Bound Trouter

Basics For The Bank Bound Trouter

Written By: Cal Kellogg

Prospecting the waters of a lake or reservoir for trout from a boat decked out with downriggers and the latest electronics can be both...

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Heavy Metal For Trout And Landlocked Kings!

Heavy Metal For Trout And Landlocked Kings!

Written By: Cal Kellogg

Take a look at the tackle assortment of a trout and landlocked king salmon troller and you’ll see a lot of spoons, such as Sep’s Pro...

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Trout Locations
Trout Locations


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racinrob
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Species: Trout

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