Trout Information
Trout
Trout General Information

There are two species of trout native to the western states, the rainbow and the cutthroat. Their success has been due in large part to their ability to adapt to different environments. This created numerous subspecies. The distinctions between subspecies have become blurred in many locations due to the introduction of hatchery fish, overfishing, and the introduction of non-native trout species. One of the best examples of this is the Lahontan cutthroat, native to the Lohantan river system on the east side of the Sierras. The native fish were the largest trout found in North America, commonly weighing over 30 pounds. The Lake Tahoe stocks were decimated by commercial fishing and the competition from the introduction of the mackinaw in 1885, drove them to extinction in that lake. The Truckee River was dammed and planted with brown trout which preyed on the young cutthroat from the Pyramid Lake spawning runs. Apparently strains of rainbow trout were brought into the system at some point in the early 1900's, which interbred with the native fish. Although the record sport fish dates to the thirties, and weighed 30 pounds, a 10 pound fish today is considered enormous. Preservation of native stocks has become a priority with fish and game departments, to the point that high mountain lakes in the Marble Mountain Wilderness were sterilized and golden trout imported from the south Sierra in the 1980's.

Trout like cold, clear, high mountain lakes and streams and are found throughout the United States and Canada. They are highly adaptable and if water conditions are right can be found at low elevations in the western US such as the Sacramento River in Redding, California.

Trout feed on terrestrial and aquatic insects, snails, worms, sowbugs, crawfish, roe, and small fish. Brown trout and mackinaw make fish a larger part of their diet than other species. Although all trout have a varied diet, individual fish develop preferences for certain types of food as they grow older and can be quite selective about what they eat.

Recent Trout Articles & Reports

Sac. River Trout and Salmon fishing

Written By: Al Brown Guide Service,
July 29, 2014

Sacramento River Trout fishing from Redding to Red Bluff has been awesome the past month with about 30 hookups a trip and will rename good for the next couple months. Most of the Wild Rainbow trout we have been catching are 12 to 22...

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Bass And Trout Fishing Opportunities Abound!

Written By: Cal Kellogg,
July 23, 2014

(Roseburg) According to the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, largemouth bass fishing has been good on Tenmile and other lakes. Summer can be a great time to target largemouth with topwater lures. In terms of trout fishing, July is...

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King Salmon To 5 Pounds Go On Bite At Shasta

Written By: Cal Kellogg,
July 23, 2014

(Redding) This has been the year for landlocked kings at Lake Shasta. For several weeks the hot bite was in the Dry Creek Arm. When that bite died, anglers lost the fish for a period of time, but now they’ve  reappeared and anglers are...

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Tips & Tactics for Trout
Heavy Metal For Trout And Landlocked Kings!

Heavy Metal For Trout And Landlocked Kings!

Written By: Cal Kellogg

Take a look at the tackle assortment of a trout and landlocked king salmon troller and you’ll see a lot of spoons, such as Sep’s Pro...

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Salmon, Trout, Lingcod, Kokanee, Halibut And More: Are YOU Using Gulp! And PowerBait?

Salmon, Trout, Lingcod, Kokanee, Halibut And More: Are YOU Using Gulp! And PowerBait?

Written By: Cal Kellogg

I’m of the opinion that in most situations well-presented natural baits will outperform artificials. Following this philosophy, when the...

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Hoochies For Trout And Salmon

Hoochies For Trout And Salmon

Written By: Cal Kellogg

Hoochies are a killer offering for trout and salmon that won't break the bank. To learn more about trolling hoochies, check out this...

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Trout Locations

Trout Locations


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