Trout General Information

There are two species of trout native to the western states, the rainbow and the cutthroat. Their success has been due in large part to their ability to adapt to different environments. This created numerous subspecies. The distinctions between subspecies have become blurred in many locations due to the introduction of hatchery fish, overfishing, and the introduction of non-native trout species. One of the best examples of this is the Lahontan cutthroat, native to the Lohantan river system on the east side of the Sierras. The native fish were the largest trout found in North America, commonly weighing over 30 pounds. The Lake Tahoe stocks were decimated by commercial fishing and the competition from the introduction of the mackinaw in 1885, drove them to extinction in that lake. The Truckee River was dammed and planted with brown trout which preyed on the young cutthroat from the Pyramid Lake spawning runs. Apparently strains of rainbow trout were brought into the system at some point in the early 1900's, which interbred with the native fish. Although the record sport fish dates to the thirties, and weighed 30 pounds, a 10 pound fish today is considered enormous. Preservation of native stocks has become a priority with fish and game departments, to the point that high mountain lakes in the Marble Mountain Wilderness were sterilized and golden trout imported from the south Sierra in the 1980's.

Trout like cold, clear, high mountain lakes and streams and are found throughout the United States and Canada. They are highly adaptable and if water conditions are right can be found at low elevations in the western US such as the Sacramento River in Redding, California.

Trout feed on terrestrial and aquatic insects, snails, worms, sowbugs, crawfish, roe, and small fish. Brown trout and mackinaw make fish a larger part of their diet than other species. Although all trout have a varied diet, individual fish develop preferences for certain types of food as they grow older and can be quite selective about what they eat.

Recent Trout Articles & Reports

16 Lb. Catfish Tops Late Summer Catches

Written By: Dan Bacher,
September 19, 2014

(Oregon House) The late summer and early fall is the top time to bag big, hard-fighting channel catfish in Collins Lake – and this year is no exception.

For example, Tyrone Ridgle of San Pablo landed a monster cat that weighed 16 lbs. in...

read more ››

Easy Limits The Rule For Trouters

Written By: Cal Kellogg,
September 19, 2014

(Spalding) Early fall trout fishing at Eagle Lake has been outstanding for both trollers and bobber anglers. The fish are stacked in the southern basin and starting to move shallower.

“The trout fishing has been good to very good...

read more ››

Trout Anglers Get Ready For Exciting Fall Fishing

Written By: Cal Kellogg,
September 19, 2014

Fall is right around the corner, kids are back in school and most Eastern Sierra waters are bustling with frisky trout, making this a great time to plan an Eastern Sierra trout fishing getaway.

(Bridgeport) The East Walker is running...

read more ››

Tips & Tactics for Trout
Heavy Metal For Trout And Landlocked Kings!

Heavy Metal For Trout And Landlocked Kings!

Written By: Cal Kellogg

Take a look at the tackle assortment of a trout and landlocked king salmon troller and you’ll see a lot of spoons, such as Sep’s Pro...

read more ››

Salmon, Trout, Lingcod, Kokanee, Halibut And More: Are YOU Using Gulp! And PowerBait?

Salmon, Trout, Lingcod, Kokanee, Halibut And More: Are YOU Using Gulp! And PowerBait?

Written By: Cal Kellogg

I’m of the opinion that in most situations well-presented natural baits will outperform artificials. Following this philosophy, when the...

read more ››

Hoochies For Trout And Salmon

Hoochies For Trout And Salmon

Written By: Cal Kellogg

Hoochies are a killer offering for trout and salmon that won't break the bank. To learn more about trolling hoochies, check out this...

read more ››

Trout Locations
Trout Locations


Recent Reader's Photo
racinrob
Caught by:

racinrob

on:
Species: Trout

Biggest Rainbow Trout to date.



FishSniffer Links


Newspaper Subscriptions


Website Advertising


Newspaper Print Advertising

Company Information


Reports & Blogs Entry Forms


The contents of this site are for the general information, convenience and entertainment of the public. Neither Fish Sniffer nor any of its principals, staff or representatives shall be liable for any consequential or incidental damages, or inconvenience incurred or experienced, related to these contents, and do not warrant their accuracy or reliability.