Trout General Information

There are two species of trout native to the western states, the rainbow and the cutthroat. Their success has been due in large part to their ability to adapt to different environments. This created numerous subspecies. The distinctions between subspecies have become blurred in many locations due to the introduction of hatchery fish, overfishing, and the introduction of non-native trout species. One of the best examples of this is the Lahontan cutthroat, native to the Lohantan river system on the east side of the Sierras. The native fish were the largest trout found in North America, commonly weighing over 30 pounds. The Lake Tahoe stocks were decimated by commercial fishing and the competition from the introduction of the mackinaw in 1885, drove them to extinction in that lake. The Truckee River was dammed and planted with brown trout which preyed on the young cutthroat from the Pyramid Lake spawning runs. Apparently strains of rainbow trout were brought into the system at some point in the early 1900's, which interbred with the native fish. Although the record sport fish dates to the thirties, and weighed 30 pounds, a 10 pound fish today is considered enormous. Preservation of native stocks has become a priority with fish and game departments, to the point that high mountain lakes in the Marble Mountain Wilderness were sterilized and golden trout imported from the south Sierra in the 1980's.

Trout like cold, clear, high mountain lakes and streams and are found throughout the United States and Canada. They are highly adaptable and if water conditions are right can be found at low elevations in the western US such as the Sacramento River in Redding, California.

Trout feed on terrestrial and aquatic insects, snails, worms, sowbugs, crawfish, roe, and small fish. Brown trout and mackinaw make fish a larger part of their diet than other species. Although all trout have a varied diet, individual fish develop preferences for certain types of food as they grow older and can be quite selective about what they eat.

Recent Trout Articles & Reports

Chrome Bright Kings Battle Sac River Anglers

Written By: Cal Kellogg,
August 23, 2014

(Redding) Salmon fishing on the Sacramento River in the stretch from Red Bluff to Redding is a good news, bad news proposition. The bad news is that there are not big numbers of fish in the river at this time.

The good news is that the...

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Salmon Provide Fantastic Action

Written By: Cal Kellogg,
August 20, 2014

(Redding) Amazing salmon fishing is available for trollers working both Whiskeytown Reservoir and Lake Shasta. At Whiskeytown the kokanee fishing is great, while Shasta continues to boot out big king salmon well into the 5 pound class.

...

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Sacramento Angler Wins How Big Is Big Derby

Written By: Dan Bacher,
August 20, 2014

(Coleville) Christopher Wong of Sacramento won first place in the “How Big Is Big” Trout Derby with his 5.6 lb. rainbow measuring 23-1/2 inches long caught on the West Walker River.

Dylan Baptiste of San Ramon won first place in the...

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Tips & Tactics for Trout
Heavy Metal For Trout And Landlocked Kings!

Heavy Metal For Trout And Landlocked Kings!

Written By: Cal Kellogg

Take a look at the tackle assortment of a trout and landlocked king salmon troller and you’ll see a lot of spoons, such as Sep’s Pro...

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Salmon, Trout, Lingcod, Kokanee, Halibut And More: Are YOU Using Gulp! And PowerBait?

Salmon, Trout, Lingcod, Kokanee, Halibut And More: Are YOU Using Gulp! And PowerBait?

Written By: Cal Kellogg

I’m of the opinion that in most situations well-presented natural baits will outperform artificials. Following this philosophy, when the...

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Hoochies For Trout And Salmon

Hoochies For Trout And Salmon

Written By: Cal Kellogg

Hoochies are a killer offering for trout and salmon that won't break the bank. To learn more about trolling hoochies, check out this...

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Trout Locations
Trout Locations


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