Trout General Information

There are two species of trout native to the western states, the rainbow and the cutthroat. Their success has been due in large part to their ability to adapt to different environments. This created numerous subspecies. The distinctions between subspecies have become blurred in many locations due to the introduction of hatchery fish, overfishing, and the introduction of non-native trout species. One of the best examples of this is the Lahontan cutthroat, native to the Lohantan river system on the east side of the Sierras. The native fish were the largest trout found in North America, commonly weighing over 30 pounds. The Lake Tahoe stocks were decimated by commercial fishing and the competition from the introduction of the mackinaw in 1885, drove them to extinction in that lake. The Truckee River was dammed and planted with brown trout which preyed on the young cutthroat from the Pyramid Lake spawning runs. Apparently strains of rainbow trout were brought into the system at some point in the early 1900's, which interbred with the native fish. Although the record sport fish dates to the thirties, and weighed 30 pounds, a 10 pound fish today is considered enormous. Preservation of native stocks has become a priority with fish and game departments, to the point that high mountain lakes in the Marble Mountain Wilderness were sterilized and golden trout imported from the south Sierra in the 1980's.

Trout like cold, clear, high mountain lakes and streams and are found throughout the United States and Canada. They are highly adaptable and if water conditions are right can be found at low elevations in the western US such as the Sacramento River in Redding, California.

Trout feed on terrestrial and aquatic insects, snails, worms, sowbugs, crawfish, roe, and small fish. Brown trout and mackinaw make fish a larger part of their diet than other species. Although all trout have a varied diet, individual fish develop preferences for certain types of food as they grow older and can be quite selective about what they eat.

Recent Trout Articles & Reports

IRVINE LAKE MULTI-SPECIES BITE ON FIRE

Written By: Steve Carson,
March 23, 2015

Anglers could just about call their shots at Irvine Lake this week, reported Jimmy Getty at the Pro Shop. “We had absolutely great all-around fishing this week”, observed Getty. “Last week we had the biggest bass in over two years with a...

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Bass Are In The Shallows

Written By: Dan Bacher,
March 18, 2015

(Weaverville) If you want to hook smallmouth and largemouth bass, now’s the time to hit the slowly rising waters of Trinity Lake.

“Black bass fishing is pretty darn good on Trinity Lake,” said Tim Brady at Trinity Outdoors. “You can...

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Bass Bite As Water Remains Stained

Written By: Cal Kellogg,
March 18, 2015

(Redding) Fishing pressure continues to be light at Lake Shasta. The lake is on the rise and the water is still stained and murky. The lake is currently 77 feet from maximum pool.

Kirk Portocarrero of SacRiverGuide.Com has been putting...

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Tips & Tactics for Trout
Bank Anglers Should Score Well During Trout Anglers Challenge Event At San Pablo Reservoir

Bank Anglers Should Score Well During Trout Anglers Challenge Event At San Pablo Reservoir

Written By: Cal Kellogg

During the winter and early spring month bank anglers often compete with boaters and at times surpass boaters success when it comes to...

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Bank Fishing: Hooking Reservoir Trout When The Water Turns Murky Or Cold

Bank Fishing: Hooking Reservoir Trout When The Water Turns Murky Or Cold

Written By: Cal Kellogg

In terms of rain and snow the 2014/15 winter is off to a rip roaring start. If things keep going the way they have been, trouters and...

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Basics For The Bank Bound Trouter

Basics For The Bank Bound Trouter

Written By: Cal Kellogg

Prospecting the waters of a lake or reservoir for trout from a boat decked out with downriggers and the latest electronics can be both...

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Trout Locations
Trout Locations


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racinrob
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racinrob

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Species: Trout

Biggest Rainbow Trout to date.



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