Trout General Information

There are two species of trout native to the western states, the rainbow and the cutthroat. Their success has been due in large part to their ability to adapt to different environments. This created numerous subspecies. The distinctions between subspecies have become blurred in many locations due to the introduction of hatchery fish, overfishing, and the introduction of non-native trout species. One of the best examples of this is the Lahontan cutthroat, native to the Lohantan river system on the east side of the Sierras. The native fish were the largest trout found in North America, commonly weighing over 30 pounds. The Lake Tahoe stocks were decimated by commercial fishing and the competition from the introduction of the mackinaw in 1885, drove them to extinction in that lake. The Truckee River was dammed and planted with brown trout which preyed on the young cutthroat from the Pyramid Lake spawning runs. Apparently strains of rainbow trout were brought into the system at some point in the early 1900's, which interbred with the native fish. Although the record sport fish dates to the thirties, and weighed 30 pounds, a 10 pound fish today is considered enormous. Preservation of native stocks has become a priority with fish and game departments, to the point that high mountain lakes in the Marble Mountain Wilderness were sterilized and golden trout imported from the south Sierra in the 1980's.

Trout like cold, clear, high mountain lakes and streams and are found throughout the United States and Canada. They are highly adaptable and if water conditions are right can be found at low elevations in the western US such as the Sacramento River in Redding, California.

Trout feed on terrestrial and aquatic insects, snails, worms, sowbugs, crawfish, roe, and small fish. Brown trout and mackinaw make fish a larger part of their diet than other species. Although all trout have a varied diet, individual fish develop preferences for certain types of food as they grow older and can be quite selective about what they eat.

Recent Trout Articles & Reports
Golden State Trouters Enjoy Great Action As Drought Buster Storms Roll In!

Golden State Trouters Enjoy Great Action As Drought Buster Storms Roll In!

Written By: Cal Kellogg,
December 22, 2014

There is some great trout fishing to be had around the state and I’m going to get into that in a bit, but first I’m going to rant about storms, rainfall, our water situation and the negative propaganda coming out of the California...

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Spotted Bass Fishing Great As Water Remains Warm

Written By: Dan Bacher,
December 19, 2014

(Folsom) Folsom Lake has risen over 10 feet from recent storms and the lake is filling rapidly, although it is still very low. The surface temperature is still really warm, as high as 60.5° in places.

“It is easily the warmest I've EVER...

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Lake Rises 15 Feet From Latest Storms

Written By: Dan Bacher,
December 19, 2014

(Oregon House) The recent storms have brought up the water level at Collins Lake by a total of 15 feet and the water level is currently 42 feet from full and rising.

The boat ramp is now back in the water and water conditions are prime...

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Tips & Tactics for Trout
Basics For The Bank Bound Trouter

Basics For The Bank Bound Trouter

Written By: Cal Kellogg

Prospecting the waters of a lake or reservoir for trout from a boat decked out with downriggers and the latest electronics can be both...

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Heavy Metal For Trout And Landlocked Kings!

Heavy Metal For Trout And Landlocked Kings!

Written By: Cal Kellogg

Take a look at the tackle assortment of a trout and landlocked king salmon troller and you’ll see a lot of spoons, such as Sep’s Pro...

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Salmon, Trout, Lingcod, Kokanee, Halibut And More: Are YOU Using Gulp! And PowerBait?

Salmon, Trout, Lingcod, Kokanee, Halibut And More: Are YOU Using Gulp! And PowerBait?

Written By: Cal Kellogg

I’m of the opinion that in most situations well-presented natural baits will outperform artificials. Following this philosophy, when the...

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Trout Locations
Trout Locations


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racinrob
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racinrob

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Species: Trout

Biggest Rainbow Trout to date.



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