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Written By: Cal Kellogg, March 12, 2012
Back in the 1950’s investment advisors could be heard telling their clients, “Invest in plastics, they are the wave of the future.” Whether or not an investment in the plastics industry during the 50’s helped put money in the bank I can’t say. But, I know from experience that the angler that invests in plastics or more specifically plastic worms will put a lot of bass in the boat over the course of a year and some of them will likely be big boys.
Of course plastic worms aren’t a new innovation. They’ve been around for over 50 years, yet that is a testament to their effectiveness. While most bass aficionados acknowledge that plastics represent a means of hooking fish when most other methods fail, few anglers are fully utilizing worms. These days some guys use worms primarily as drop shot baits. Others never reach for a worm unless everything else from swimbait to spinnerbait to crankbaits has failed to produce.
The fact is, we could throw away everything in our well stocked tackle boxes, lay in a supply of plastic worms in a few different colors, styles and sizes, add some hooks and weights, and we’d catch as many fish as we usually do over the course of a season with a much broader collection of lures.
Worms are the most versatile bait available to the bass angler and they exploit the most fundamental weaknesses of the bass. Black bass are opportunistic predators that look for easy to capture, easy to swallow meals and nothing short of live bait fills the bill as well as a well presented plastic worm. Add to that, the fact that once a bass commits and sucks in a worm it has a realistic feel that encourages the fish to hold on and it starts to become clear why worms have been a top producer for so long. Let’s take a look at the tackle and techniques required to reach the pinnacle of worm fishing success.
Worms ‘N’ Accessories
When I first started bass fishing, I quickly accumulated a massive selection of worms in a myriad of colors as most worm anglers do. More recently as my fishing success has improved the total number of worms I carry has actually decreased. Based on research done at the Berkley fishing laboratories in Spirit Lake, Iowa color is the least important factor in whether a bass will strike a given bait running a distant third behind action and profile. Based on my field observations, I heartily agree.
At this point I carry worms that range from 4 to 8 inches in length in both flutter tail and straight tail configurations. In the smaller sizes I learn toward baitfish imitating translucent hues such as light blue, smoke and clear flake. Most of my larger worm arsenal is composed of darker more crawfish like colors such as watermelon, motor oil and black. I think it is important for the individual angler to experiment and determine which colors work best for them. This will ensure that they have confidence in the baits they are throwing and as we all know a bait you have confidence in catches more fish, because you put more effort and time in fishing it correctly.
Once you’ve settled on a selection of worms, it’s time to add some wide gap worm hooks in sized 2/0 through 4/0 and a few No. 8 octopus hooks for drop shotting. In terms of weights you’ll want a good selection of split shot, bullet weights from quarter to one ounce and a few quarter ounce tungsten drop shot weights. A small selection of glass beads and swivels rounds out the necessary terminal tackle.
This is an old standby that just about everyone knows. The Texas rig refers to both a method of hooking a worm and a fishing method. A worm put on the hook Texas style runs straight and is weedless with the hook point buried in the worm’s body. Since a worm rigged in this way can be worked around the nastiest structure it is a popular hook rigging method for a variety of fishing techniques. In the classic sense the Texas rig consists of a worm hooked Texas style with a bullet weight on the line directly above it. Out here in the west this method isn’t used as much as it is back east, but it can be highly effective. The most popular way of fishing this rig is to cast the worm toward promising structure, allow it to sink to the bottom and them begin slowly inching it across the bottom. Fished in such as way the worm looks like a substantial meal that a bass can pick off with minimal effort. In addition, since bass spend a lot of time feeding near the bottom on crawfish and other prey items there is a very good chance that a worm fished this way will be in the strike zone of the bass on any given day.
This is a method that pro’s use to put big numbers of fish in the boat, yet you’ll seldom see a casual angler utilizing it. To set up a Carolina rig slide your main line through a half to one once bullet weight, slide on a glass bead behind it and follow the bead with a swivel. To the swivel attach 18 to 36 inches of leader material tipped with a Texas rigged worm.
This rig is great for working water that is 15 to 30 feet deep thoroughly and quickly. To fish the rig, make a long cast into open water that features bass holding bottom structure such as stumps, boulders, ledges or a creek channel. Once the rig sinks, start crawling it across the bottom. Periodically stop dragging the worm and shake the rod tip. This will cause the weight and glass bead to work against each other and the bottom, creating vibrations that draws bass close to investigate. This is great method to use for seeking out fish at an unfamiliar lake and it is also a winner for pinpointing bass on lightly fished offshore structure.
A finesse fishing variation of the Carolina rig is the split shot rig. This rig utilizes a spinning outfit spooled with 8 pound line with a Texas rigged worm tied directly to the main line. One or more split shot are placed on the line 12 to 20 inches above the worm. A trick I often use with this rig is to place a glass bead on the line before tying on the worm. I then put on a pair of split shot about an inch apart with the glass bead sandwiched between them to create vibration.
There are two types of bass anglers in the world. There are those that love the drop shot and those that hate it, but they both agree on one thing: the drop shot rig catches fish when most other methods fail. To set up a drop shot rig tie a No. 8 octopus hook into the main line of a light spinning rig using a palomar knot. Before tying the knot, slide the hook about 24 inches up the line. With the hook in place put a tungsten drop shot weight on the tag end of the knot. The distance between the tip of the tag end and the hook determines how far you’ll be fishing the worm off the bottom. With the hook and weight ready to go, pin a small baitfish imitating worm on the hook with the hook point exposed.
This is the ultimate finesse rig and it can be fished a couple different ways. When you are marking numbers of fish suspended or holding near structure the rig can be fished vertically below the boat. To do this simply drop it down to the desired depth and begin subtly shaking the rod tip. This causes the worm to move erratically like a distressed baitfish and will often coax inactive bass to suck it in. If the fish are scattered over a wider area the rig can be cast and worked back toward the boat. To do this allow the rig to sink, drag the worm a few feet, let it set while shaking the rod and then retrieve it a few more feet. The drop shot really shines in clear water lakes when the bass are holding in water that is deeper than 15 feet.
This is another method seldom used by the average angler that pro’s use extensively with great results. When bass are holding in shallow water areas and areas that feature lots of vegetation a weightless worm can be very effective. The rig is ultra simple, consisting of a 6 to 8 inch Texas rigged worm placed on the end of the line. This rig can be used with a bait casting rod, but most anglers prefer a spinning rod armed with either 15 pound mono or high strength braid. My choice is the new Fireline Crystal by Berkley. It is nearly clear, offering a high degree of stealth, but it has all the strength and low stretch qualities of standard braid.
To fish this rig, cast the worm into likely shallow water holding area and work it slowly and deliberately. Your goal is to make it look like a small snake or other creepy crawler slithering it’s way through the cover. Stopping the worm frequently and letting it set for extended periods of time really enhancing the presentations effectiveness.
The wacky rig is a variation of the weightless rig. The only difference is that instead of rigging the worm Texas style, the hook is pinned through the middle of the worm with the point exposed. It sound crazy and looks crazy, but it is deadly on bass holding near shallow rocky structure like that found at many Norcal reservoirs.
The preferred method of fishing the rig is to cast it out and let it sink on a semi tight line with out any added action. If it makes it to the bottom without being hit, retrieve it a few feet with a pumping rod tip and them let it fall again. This results in a crippled falling action that shallow water bass have a hard time passing up.
Well there we have it, five rigs that will cover virtually all conditions and situations encountered on the water. Do the five methods we’ve discussed represent the final word on worming? Absolutely not, all these methods were stumbled on by enterprising anglers looking to solve a problem they encountered on the water, whether it was how to present an effective bait in thick cover or how best to tempt inactive deepwater bass. Every angler develops his or her own method of worming over time.
Some pros such as Randy Pringle do a lot of dead sticking. I’ve been told that I fish a worm pretty fast. Heck it feels slow to me and I catch plenty of fish. Some anglers do well casting and retrieving Texas rigged worms as if they were fishing a crankbait. Add to these variations in fishing style things like scents, scented worms, insertable rattles and new tackle innovations, and it’s easy to see that the versatile plastic worm is still a long way from reaching it’s full potential!
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